Mangroves are important for the sustainability of tropical marine ecosystems as they offer plenty of benefits for the environment and humans.
Nudibranchs are shell-less marine gastropod mollusks, part of the sea slug family, and estimated to have more than 2,000 different species found in the world's oceans.
Clams are one of the mollusks in the bivalve class that are often found in coral reef ecosystems. They have two genera (Tridacna and Hippopus),1 share a symbiotic life with Zooxanthellae photosynthetic algae2 and live in the Indo-Pacific region. So far there are 12 types of clams that have been identified, eight of them are...
Healthy coral reefs are valuable natural resources that should be protected and utilised properly
Indonesia, a nation with thousands of islands, is popular for its beach destinations and resorts.